How Do Flowers Grow?


Students plant seeds while discovering the basic needs of plants to grow and survive.

Materials Needed: Seeds, Potting soil, Tin pans, Soil demonstration, Examples of plants with and with out sunlight, Jug of Water


  1. Docent asks students to think of the four most important things that all living things need to survive (air, water, food, and sunlight). Docent then asks students to hypothesize how plants get these necessities of life.
  2. Docent takes the examples of plants that have been getting enough sunlight and one that has not. Docent asks students to guess which is which. Docent then explains briefly the process of photosynthesis, how the plant makes its food (air, sunlight and water).
  3. Docent then takes the 3 examples of soil (sand, clay, and potting soil) and explains that one of the ways that plants get water and nutrients to help the chlorophyll to photosynthesize is by gathering water from the soil.
  4. Docent takes water jug and asks students to count to see how fast the water starts coming out of the bottom of the containers once the Docent has begun pouring water into the soil. Docent asks which type of soil would help a plant most and why.
  5. Next, students plant seeds in some potting soil to take home and remind them what plants need to grow and survive.
  6. Docents ties the concept of a healthy plant will produce flowers and then seeds to make sure that there are new plants.

Alabama Course of Study for Science

This activity meets goals specified for grades:

  • K–#’s 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 14, 20
  • 1st–#’s 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 19, 21, 24, 26
  • 2nd–#’s 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 14, 20, 25
  • 3rd–#’s 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 13, 37, 39, 40, 41
  • 4th–#’s 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 32, 46
  • 5th–#’s 1, 2, 3, 4, 6

Learning Outcomes

Students will understand the basic components that plants need to survive and ultimately make flowers to make seeds to make new plants.

Instrumental Objectives

Students will be able to:

  • identify why a soil is good for plants.
  • discuss why a plant needs sunlight.
  • determine what plants need to be healthy and produce flowers and seeds.
  • plant their own seeds to feel the accomplishment of putting their knowledge to work.