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Red Mulberry – Morus rubra

Medium-sized tree with short trunk, broad rounded crown, and milky sap.

Height: 60’ / Diameter: 2’

Leaves: in 2 rows; 4-7” long. Ovate; abruptly long-pointed; coarsely saw-toothed. Dull dark green and rough above, with soft hairs beneath; turning yellow in autumn.

Bark: brown, fissured into scaly plates.

Flowers: tiny; crowded in narrow clusters; male and female on same or separate trees. Bloom in spring with leaves appear.

Fruit: a cylindrical mulberry; red to dark purple; composed of many tiny beadlike fruits. Sweet and juicy, edible, in late spring.

Habitat: moist soil in hardwood forests. Range: Southeastern US.

The wood is used locally for fenceposts, furniture, interior finish, and agricultural implements. People, domestic animals, and wildlife eat the berries.

 

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