American Elm – Ulmus americana

Large, handsome, graceful tree, often with enlarged buttresses at base, usually forked into many spreading branches, drooping at ends, forming a very broad, rounded, flat-topped or vaselike crown, often wider than high. Height: 100 feet.

This well-known, once abundant species, familiar on lawns and city streets, has been ravaged by Dutch Elm disease, caused by a fungus introduced accidentally in about 1930 and spread by European and native elm bark beetles. The wood is used for containers, furniture, and paneling.